Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
A.L. Lee Memorial Hospital
Area: Nursing and Direct Patient Care
Most LPNs provide basic bedside care,under the supervision of an RN, in hospitals and nursing homes. They take vital signs such as temperature, pulse and respiration. They also treat bedsores, prepare and give injections, apply dressings, give massages, apply ice packs and hot water bottles, and monitor catheters. LPNs observe and monitor patients and report adverse reactions to medications or treatments. They collect samples for testing, perform routine laboratory tests, feed patients, and record food and fluid intake and output. They help patients with bathing, dressing, and personal hygiene, and keep them comfortable. The LPN also follows the nursing plan of care by providing emotional support and education to patients, families and significant others.
LPNs in nursing homes provide routine bedside care, help evaluate residents needs, develop care plans, and supervise the care provided by nurse aides. In doctors offices and clinics, they also may make appointments, keep records, and perform other clerical duties. LPNs who work in private homes also may prepare meals and teach family members simple nursing tasks.
Currently, 29 percent of LPNs work in nursing homes, 28 percent in hospitals, and 14 percent in physicians offices and clinics. Nursing homes will continue to have most of the new jobs. LPNs may be self-employed.
Students entering a practical nursing program must have a high school diploma or the equivalent. An applicant must complete an accredited program and pass the National Council Licensure Examination for licensed practical nurses.
12 percent increase over the next 10 years
$21,000 - $42,000(NYS Avg. $31,010)
Most work a 40-hour week;day, evening and night shifts; some holidays and weekends