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Oswego Career Ladders - Healthcare

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Healthcare is one of today’s most dynamic and growing fields, with a wide range of opportunities and challenges. The occupations within the healthcare industry have been organized into thirteen professional categories:

Business: Health care is a business that requires talented individuals who can balance economic principles with the necessity of providing the highest level of care possible. Opportunities exist in such diverse occupations as risk management, accounting and personnel.

Clinical Laboratories: People who work in this profession assist physicians in patient diagnosis and treatment, as well as in disease monitoring or prevention (maintenance of health). Clinical laboratories use sophisticated biomedical instrumentation and technology to perform laboratory testing on blood and body fluids.

Dentistry: Dentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment (non-surgical, surgical or related procedures) of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity, facial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.

Engineering: Medical engineers, technologists and technicians invent, develop and maintain the equipment, machinery and products used in the delivery of health care.

Facilities: People in the skilled trades are employed by hospitals to maintain the physical plant.

Education: Health education is the process by which individuals and groups of people learn to behave in a manner conducive to the promotion, maintenance or restoration of health. Health education begins with people as they are, with whatever interests they may have in improving their living conditions.

Information: Every time a patient receives healthcare, a record is maintained of the observations, medical or surgical interventions, and treatment outcomes. Medical records and health information technicians organize and evaluate these records for completeness and accuracy.

Materials Management and Central Services: Health-care facilities consume large amount of materials, products and services. Individuals employed in this branch of the support field are involved in the development, procurement, distribution, and control of these products and services.

Mental Health: Individuals in the mental health field are involved in assisting individuals to attain or maintain mental health.

Nursing and Other Direct Patient Care: Nursing is a discipline focused on assisting individuals, families and communities in attaining, re-attaining and maintaining optimal health and functioning. Other careers in direct patient care offer opportunities for health professionals to have direct contact with people of all ages, from birth to older adults. Direct patient care is performed through teaching, counseling and performing hands-on, skills-based care.

Nutrition: Patients have specific dietary needs. Dieticians, nutritionists and food preparation personnel must deliver nutritious meals that meet stringent guidelines based on patient nutritional requirements.

Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation is the process of restoring the skills of a person who has had an illness or injury so as to regain maximum self-sufficiency and function in a normal or as near normal manner as possible.

Radiology: Radiology is the use of image guidance methods to gain access to the deepest interior of most organs and organ systems. Through a galaxy of techniques, interventional radiologists can treat certain conditions through the skin (percutaneously) that might otherwise require surgery.